- Increased hydrostatic pressure.
- Reduced oncotic pressure within blood vessels.
- Increased tissue oncotic pressure.
- Increased blood vessel wall permeability e.g. inflammation.
- Obstruction of fluid clearance via the lymphatic system.
- Changes in the water retaining properties of the tissues themselves. Raised hydrostatic pressure often reflects retention of water and sodium by the kidneys.
The following patterns may represent the underlying contributing factors for the development of edema:
Edema - Acupuncture Protocols
Lymphatic Massage Therapy for Edema
Leg and Foot Massage for Edema
- Using a single finger, start the massage using gentle and light strokes on the affected leg nearest to the trunk of the body.
- Make sure the massage strokes are in upward direction.
- Slowly move downwards along the limb using similar strokes. These massage strokes help in encouraging the fluid drainage through the pathway. The reason for beginning from the trunk is to remove any obstructions that could be blocking the normal flow of lymphatic fluid towards the heart and preventing lymphatic tissue damage.
- This massage should be done in the proper manner by a qualified massage therapist. Each massage session could last for over 30 minutes.